Current State of Waste Management in Turkey

Turkey is a developing country which has high urbanization and population growth which lead to a need for a good MSW management. Dumping has been reducing while sanitary landfilling has been increasing in the share of methods. Recovery has recently been applied and gradually increased in the share of MSW methods.

by Samet Öztürk, Nickolas J. Themelis

 

A developing example of MSW: Turkish case


Turkey is a developing country which has high urbanization and population growth which lead to a need for a good MSW management. Figure 5 shows a timely change of amount in MSW by treatment methods in the country. It can be seen from Figure 5 that dumping has been reducing while sanitary landfilling has been increasing in the share of methods [1]. Also, recovery is named as material and energy recovery by the data supplier, therefore there is an uncertainty about the certain amount of MSW treated by recycling and waste-to-energy. Recovery has recently been applied and gradually increased in the share of MSW methods [1].
 
waste Management Turkey
 
Figure 1. MSW management by treatment methods in time for Turkey. [1].

Figure 2 shows the share of MSW treatment methods as of 2018 [1]. It is seen in Figure 2 that sanitary landfilling (67%) is the most common method followed by uncontrolled dumping (20%) in Turkey. Recovery is applied to 12% of MSW whereas composting is used for only 1% of the MSW. It should be noted that recycling of materials and waste-to-energy is summed and named as recycling and recovery in the data supplier. Therefore, there is no clear distinction between recycling and waste-to-energy share for the MSW treatment in the country.

  
Figure 2. MSW management by treatment methods for Turkey as of 2018 [1].


Sources: 
1-Turkstat. 2020. Belediye atık istatitikleri. Retrieved from: https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn=119&locale=tr. (March 15, 2020)


published: , 10|2019
Keywords: Current State of Waste Management, Turkey
Related papers:
Investigations to characterize the gasphase in waste landfills - doctoral dissertation extended summary

Machine developments, process-engineering, pipe design and materials requirements - Polyethylene pipes for trenchless installation methods

New Perspectives on the Definition of Waste in EC Law

It Takes Two to Tango – Climate Policy at COP 10 in Buenos Aires and Beyond

The Perspective of Solid Waste Management and Landfill Technology in Indonesia

Hot gas atomized melts - potentials for thermal spray powders

Study of the organic matter contained in leachate resulting from two modes of landfilling: leachate recirculation and mechanical- biological pretreatment before landfilling

THE GERMAINE PROJECT - Environmental management and benchmarking a theatre

A residential blackwater and municipal solid waste treatment system - safety issues and risk management

Correlations between enzymatic activities and physiochemical / chemical characteristics of MSW composts during controlled storage