HAZARDOUS INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RAMALLAH CITY, WEST BANK: CURRENT STATUS AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK

In several developing countries, the poor management of hazardous waste is related to insufficient regulations, inability to enforce them, or weak institutional structure (Tarras- Wahlberga, 2007; Santhakumar, 2003). Weak, soft or uneven enforcement of environmental law discourage industries from reducing pollution (Vermeer, 1998; El-Zayat, Ibraheem et al., 2006). Environmental laws differ among various countries. Generally speaking, developing countries have less stringent laws than those in developed countries (Kamau, 2005).

by R. Musleh, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh

This paper aims to assess the applicability of environmental regulations to hazardous solid waste management in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, the problems associated with their implementation, and ways through which practical solutions can be developed to assist in the adequate implementation of existing laws. This study is based on a review of laws, and information generated through interview with stakeholders and industries. Based on a thorough review of the laws and regulations already in place, our results indicate that the environmental law is a reasonable framework for regulating hazardous waste in the area. The results indicate that in order to improve industrial hazardous waste management, there is a need to further develop bylaws related to hazardous waste specifically, and create a system in which recycling and proper management of hazardous waste becomes economically feasible. Finally, raising the awareness of both the industries and the inspectors in the importance of the proper implementation of laws, licensing system and good environmental practices is crucial.

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published: IWWG International Waste Working Group, Specialized Session C (Oktober 2007), 10|2007
Keywords: Material Recovery, Policy Tax Instruments, Hazardous Waste