TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft WEEE Recast - Status and ProspectHelmut Minor, Maximilian Scheppach
Electrical and electronic appliances are a fast growing product Group with high diversification. The products contain recyclable material as metals, Plastics and rare earths, but also materials, inter alia in hte glass of Picture tubes, fridges, LCD-Screens and Computer boards. Their proper disposal, especially in the non-OECD countries, is a particular challenge for the Environment and health protection.Â¹ The european Community has therefore put in place the Directive 2002/96/EG for electrical and electronic waste Equipment (WEEE-Directive) on 13th February 2003.Â²
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Material Flow-Based Optimization of Process Chains (Move Rec)Dr. Maria Noel Dos Santos, DI Markus Spitzbart, Dipl.-Ing. Michael Weinlich, Ing. Mag. Thomas Leitner
The variety of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) makes it difficult to determine the material composition of mixed composite inputs. Most of the types of equipment collected are of a very complex device structure, mechanical parts and electronic compnents, which imply a diverse composite material composition. Besides iron and nonferrous metals, a variety of non-metallic components of some electronic devices contain precoious metals and rare earths. On the other hand, most devices contain hazardous components, which need a specific treatment and/or a controlled waste disposal process.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Metal Recycling at Waste Incineration Plants and Mechanical Waste Treatment PlantsDr.-Ing. Alexander Gosten
Whether the treatment and sorting facility for metal recycling is right next to a waste incineration plant, or whether this is done at the treatment facility of a dedicated company, is a business decision that has to be taken by each incineration plant individually. Systemically this is of lower priority, although the additional costs for transport will have to be taken into consideration in the climate Balance.
Wasteconsult international Splitting of heterogeneous waste by sensor-based sorting as a basis for optimized material-specific waste-routingDipl.-Ing. Mag. Simone Pieber, DI Dr. Arne Michael Ragossnig, Dipl.-Ing. Manuel Sommer, Alexander Curtis, Univ.-Prof. DI Dr. mont. Roland Pomberger
In the presented work material-specific sensor-based sorting was evaluated for its technical application on heterogeneous wastes on a pilot and a large scale, in order to optimize the routing options of waste streams in an economically attractive way.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben De-Contamination of Small Waste Electrical and Electronic Appliances (sWEEE) in AustriaMaria Tesar, Dr. Stefan Salhofer
Minimum treatment requirements for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) are laid down by the Directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE Directive, last amended by 2008/34/EC). Annex II (1) to the Directive specifies 15 substances, preparations and components in total, which as a minimum have to be removed from any separately collected WEEE (Depollution). The following components can be part of small Electrical and Electronic Equipment (sWEEE): capacitors (all PCB-containing capacitors and electrolyte capacitors), batteries, printed circuit boards, toner cartridges, liquid crystal displays, mercury containing components,
such as switches or backlighting lamps, asbestos-containing components, components containing refractory ceramic fibres, components containing radioactive substances, plastic-containing brominated flame retardants and external electric cables.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Recycling of CRT-Glass – Results of a Market Study and Future SzenariosDr. André Michels, Prof. Dr. habil. Stefan A. Gäth, Dr.-Ing. Sven Grieger
Electrical and electronic equipment represents with 9 million/tons/year the fastest growing waste stream in Europe. Since 2003 the WEEE-Directive (2002/96/EC) promotes reuse, recy-cling and other forms of recovery with collection targets and targets for re-use and recycling. The directive implies a producer responsibility for financing the waste management. Today most of the EOL-CRT-glass is recycled closed-loop. After the required treatment the cullet is sent to CRT-producers mainly in Middle-Asia. But the European market for CRT-appliances nearly seems closed. Worldwide, CRT-producers gave up the production within last years. Even if until today developing countries represent a market for CRT-appliances an appre-ciable decrease in the production is feared.
WtERT Germany GmbH Heavy Metals Behavior in Combustion Flue Gases and Emission Control of Heavy MetalsProfessor Dr.-Ing. Bernhard W. Vosteen
WtERT USA , Columbia University, EarthEngineering Center A New CFB incineration technology for power generationProf. Mingjiang Ni
WtERT USA , Columbia University, EarthEngineering Center Utilization of BFR plastics in recovery of valuable metals during thermal treatment with solid wastesDr. Mariusz Grabda
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) Reliable identification of conductive metals: Sorting metals with no optical aidsMadlen Labrenz
The EX900 sorting unit, manufactured by Exsor GmbH, is a completely new development in the field of fully automatic, sensor-aided metal sorting. It can accurately recognise and sort out electrically-conducting materials, has a throughput of up to 60 tons per hour for slag and has an intelligent automation concept with freely selectable sorting and metal programs. Thanks to the PROFIBUS automation concept it is possible to control, monitor and visualise all assembly groups and subsystems universally and modularly, while the system can be extended almost infinitely.
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) Low point of the recession now overcome: The steel sector is recoveringMartin Boeckh, Bernhard Schaaf
The Chinese steel sector is recovering from the recession, at least for the time being. Since hitting rock bottom in mid-November 2008, prices have significantly recovered, the warehouses have reduced their excess stock, and companies are hoping that the government’s infrastructure programme will help them overcome the crisis, reports the ‘Asien Kurier’ in its March edition. The steel recycling sector will also benefit from the upswing.
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) The long arm of the East: China keen to get hold of German electronic scrapDr. Dipl.-Chem. Beate Kummer
In future, energy and resource efficiency, as well as principles of closed loop recycling management will set the political agenda more than short-term economic growth. Germany is more than just a role model -- it will also be attractive as a supplier of raw materials for the Middle Kingdom.
Waste Management 30(1):145-53 · Material and energy recovery from Automotive Shredded Residues (ASR) via sequential gasification and combustionStefano Consonni
Shredding is the common end-of-life treatment in Europe for dismantled car wrecks. It produces the so-called Automotive Shredded Residue (ASR), usually disposed of in landfill. This paper summarizes the outcome of a study carried out by Politecnico di Milano and LEAP with the support of Actelios SpA on the prospects of a technology based on sequential gasification and combustion of this specific waste stream.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Valorization of Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) in ItalyBarbara Ruffino, Silvia Fiore, Maria Chiara Zanetti
This work concerns the characterization of Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) samples coming from three industrial tests, each performed on 250 – 300 t of End of Life Vehicles (ELVs) in two different shredding plants. ASR samples underwent the following analyses: distribution of the different components (rubber, foam rubber, plastic, textile, metals and wires, glass and other materials) and their physical and chemical characterization (metals, water and oil contents, particlesize distribution, lower heating value - LHV, leaching test according to UNI 10802 procedure).
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Submersible Sewage pumps’ recycling possibilities during the refurbishing or upgrade of wastewater management facilitiesProf. Dr. Constantinos S. Psomopoulos, G.C. Ioannidis, S. Apostolakos, A. Madias
Sewage pumps are among the main electromechanical equipment of the sewage and wastewater management facilities around Europe for over 30 years. Their operational life is around 15-20 years and a significant number of these equipments are non-operating. The need for the replacement of these pumps leads to an increased number of them which should be disposed off in the forthcoming years.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Recycling potential for the low voltage high breaking capacity fuse links used by P.P.C. of GreeceProf. Dr. Constantinos S. Psomopoulos, Y. Karras, P. Karagiannopoulos, C. Karras, D. Diamadopoulos
Low voltage (LV) high-breaking-capacity fuse links (NH) are used in LV installations protecting mainly the LV electricity distribution networks and in a significant amount of LV electrical equipment used in industrial, commercial and residential facilities and infrastructures. The WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) for “Waste of electrical and electronic equipmentâ€ is the main related legislation and even though it concerns electrical and electronic equipment, it does not include electric fuses.