Diana Butron EU Commission Published Delegated Legal Act
At the end of July, the EU Commission published its delegated act to concretise the taxonomy regulation which was approved in principle at the middle of the same month.
Afaqs! Hindware Italian Tiles launches new campaign ‘BROKEN BUT NOT WASTE’
Hindware has partnered with Delhi Street Art – DSA Foundation to create stunning murals using waste tiles.
Wirtschafts- und Servicebetrieb der Stadt Pirmasens Future oriented construction with recycled building materials in Pirmasens, Germany.
On the campus of the Technical University of Kaiserslautern in Pirmasens, a pavilion has been built in the beginning of 2021, using almost exclusively reclaimed building materials. The important innovation is that the reprocessed building materials are used in the same way as the original building material, as in precast concrete elements, for example, and no longer as inferior fillers. One can therefore speak of reuse - as opposed to recycling.
Experts / Involved Parties
Tim Marth Allied Mineral Products, LLC
Tsvetomir Kalchev MAGISTERIUM Ltd
SANJAY JAGTAP ABHIRUTU CONSULTANTS
Innovations in Construction Waste Management: Case of LatviaTatjana Tambovceva, Valentina Urbane, Janis Ievins
Construction waste generated during the construction, renovation and demolition process occupies huge landfills due to significant volumes.
BSA GmbH Business with Construction Waste in Gmund, Germany
BSA GmbH in D-83703 Gmund, a specialist waste management company according to the German §52 KrW-/AbfG, takes construction waste and processes it into substitute building materials.
Urban Management Program - TU Berlin Solid Waste Management in Kosovo - Assessment of a Waste Bank Model in Dardania, Pristina
In its current phase (04/2014 - 12/2016), the
Sustainable Municipal Services (SMS) program of
the German Development Cooperation (Deutsche
Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit –
GIZ) in Kosovo has the potential to provide in the
medium term basic public services in the waste
management sector for 70% of the population. Such an achievement would be to a large extent dependent on the success and development of an incentive-based competition in 17 selected municipalities (out of a total of 38 ), which was set up by the MESP in cooperation with the German Development Bank (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau – KfW). Responsible municipal bodies get access to investments provided that they implement reforms for performance development and make improvements in selected performance indicators. The latter aims at a financially sustainable expansion of services.
Reuse of building componentsUte Dechantsreiter, Peter Horst, Referent: Andreas Lieberum
Cities and buildings are urban mines for raw materials and bind large quantities of
valuable resources for various periods of time. In addition to the common recycling
activities, primarily for mineral construction residues, a market for well-preserved 2nd
hand structural components and materials is emerging.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Fully Automated Sorting Plant for Municipal Solid Waste in Oslo with Recovery of Metals, Plastics, Paper and Refuse Derived FuelDr.-Ing. Benjamin Eule
In order to treat household waste Romerike Avfallsforedling (ROAF) located in Skedsmorkorset north of Oslo, Norway required the installation of a mechanical Treatment facility to process 40,000 tpa. Together with a Norwegian based technical consultancy Mepex and German based technical consultancy EUG the project was tendered and the plant build against a technical specification. In 2013 the project was awarded to Stadler Anlagenbau and since April 2014 the plant is in operation with an hourly throughput of thirty tons. The input waste contains specific green coloured bags containing food waste which is collected together with the residual waste from the households. The process recovers successfully the green food bags before the remaining waste is mechanically pre-treated and screened to isolate a polymer rich fraction which is then fully segregated via NIR technology in to target polymers prior to fully automated product baling. Recoverable Fibre is optically targeted as well as ferrous and non-ferrous metals. All food waste is transported off site for further biological treatment and the remaining residual waste leaves site for thermal recovery. In 2015 the plant has been successfully upgraded to forty tons per hour and remains fully automated including material baling.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Plastics Recycling and Energy Recovery Activities in Poland – Current Status and Development Prospects –Dr.-Ing. Kazimierz Borkowski
The waste disposal system in Poland is one of the least advanced in Europe. Despite great efforts over the last 20 years municipal waste landfilling has only reduced from 95 percent in 1991 to 73 percent in 2010. This still means that millions of tonnes of post-consumer waste continue to be landfilled.
Markus Heinsdorff Zanzibar Recycling art installation as public Meeting Point with Wind- Watertower, East Africa
With the gabion recycling installations as "places to linger", something new is created from something old through reuse and recycling.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Survey on Synergies for Improved Ash Treatment at Several Bavarian Waste-to-Energy PlantsDr. Karsten Wambach, Dipl.-Chem. Hermann Nordsieck, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Rommel
State-of-the-art Waste-to-Energy plants are reducing the volume of municipal and commercial waste as well as generating electric power and district heating. This survey concentrates on bottom ash treatment and utilization from a wet discharge process all Bavarian Waste-to-Energy – WtE – plants have in common.
WtERT USA , Columbia University, EarthEngineering Center Trends in utilizing WTE bottom ash in EuropeDr. Jürgen Vehlow
WtERT Germany GmbH Waste incineration in Slovenia: a life-cycle assessment of environmental impacts of potential waste-to-energy optionsM.Sc. Saša Malek
Wasteconsult international DIRECT-MAT – developing best practice on recycling or safe disposal of road materials in EuropeKonrad Mollenhauer, Maria Arm, Yannick Descantes, Knud A. Pihl, Laszlo Gaspar
The European road network has a total length of more than 5.8 million km (ERF 2007) and it is still growing. Obviously, various pavement layers exhibit different lifetimes which makes regular maintenance work necessary. As a result, several hundred million tons of road materials are excavated each year from a number of demolished pavement layers. According to European policy (EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, 2006), these materials can be seen as wastes, viz. “substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discardâ€. Nevertheless, in nearly all countries, part of these road construction wastes is reused or recycled back into road infrastructure and this part may reach 100 % depending on the type of road waste.
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) Alternatives to wheeled loaders: Tracked conveyors and program-controlled conveyor belts have advantages:
Wheeled loaders are still indispensable working machines in many companies – also in construction material recycling plants. They are used because of the long operating hours they are capable of. In addition to the final loading, in many cases intermediate stockpiles are created, although these can result in considerable costs and risks.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Investigation on material separation of mixed construction and demolition waste by sorting processA. Montero, Yasumasa Tojo, Professor Takayuki Matsuo, Masato Yamada, Hiroshi Asakura
The final disposal ratio of mixed construction and demolition waste (MCDW) remains high in Japan, while progress has been made in the recycling of other construction and demolition waste. Sorting facilities are expected to play an important role in better management of MCDW. In this study, the feasibility of sorting facilities for the separation of material and of pre-treatment for final disposal was investigated by conducting a batch experiment at an operational facility.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering DeconRCM: A decision support system tool for renovation and demolition waste managementProf. Dr.-Ing Nicolas Moussiopoulos, D. Anastaselos, Dimitrios Aidonis, G. Banias, Ch. Achillas
The absence of a certified network for the collection and processing of the materials contained in generated Renovation and Demolition (R&D) waste is a main shortcoming of R&D waste management in Greece. Until recently, less than 5% of all R&D waste generated in Greece was reused or recycled, while the rest was landfilled or disposed in uncontrolled, open dumps. In order to increase the community’s awareness in environmental issues a research team has been formed and qualified for the funding of the project “Information System for Demolition Waste Managementâ€ (DEWAM project).
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Environmental tools in building construction industry – A state of the art review for LCA applications in building sectorE. Giama, D. Anastaselos, Agis M. Papadopoulos
The research work to be presented in this paper aims at the comparison of different environmental tools for improving environmental, social and economic indicators towards sustainability in the building construction sector. Moreover, this work reviews in detail the LCA concept and the tools applied in the building environment, as an effort to bring together research on life cycle assessment and practical application.
Wasteconsult international Low-Cost-Techniques of Intensive Biodegradation and MaturationDipl.-Ing. Karsten Runge, Thomas Hölscher
Techniques for mechanical-biological treatment of solid fraction of household waste taking their seats in the waste management business of many countries. MBT facilities working as a complement or as a low cost option for incineration facilities. Further on there is still a large demand for many MBT facilities to improve the aerobic biological treatment process, to reduce operation costs and to increase reliability. With the help of some examples the possibilities to improve existing facilities will be shown and technical solutions for planning and construction of new facilities will be discussed.
MBT, aerobic treatment, composting, maturation, optimization, operating cost
1.1 MBT – Current status and perspectives
1.2 Optimising potential
2 Optimising potential in aerobic treatment
2.1 The biodegradation process – Everything under control
2.2 The input material – flexibility counts
2.3 The financials – Efficient application of technology
2.4 Practical experience - Examples
2.4.1 MBT Cröbern
2.4.2 MBT Rosenow
2.4.3 MBT Schwanebeck
2.4.4 Dynamic tunnel composting – a pilot scheme
European Compost Network ECN e.V. The use of ground bark and wood chips from a short rotation plantation for on farm composting: effect of tree species on the micronutrient contentDr. ir. Bart Vandecasteele, Koen Willekens, G. Du Laing, Dr. ir. Alex Vliegher, F.M.G. Tack
The effect of tree species on the nutrient concentrations of composts is assessed in this study. In the first part of the study, micronutrient levels were assessed in bark and wood of several poplar and willow clones in a 3-year old plantation.
IWWG International Waste Working Group RECYCLING CENTRES FOR CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION WASTES IN BRAZIL: A STUDY CASE FOR THE CITY OF RIO DE JANEIROKátia Regina Alves Nunes, Prof. Dr. Sc. Claudio Fernando Mahler, Prof. Rogério Valle
Only eleven (0.2%) of the 5,507 Brazilian municipalities have C&D waste recycling centres. Thirteen centres (seven in operation, one restarting its operation and five have shut down) are stationary plants and recycle part of the C&D waste produced in local communities. It can, therefore, be concluded that a large part of this waste is not recycled in Brazil. Nonetheless, this situation is changing. Since the publication of CONAMA (Brazilian Environmental Protection Agency) Resolution no. 307 in 2002, all Brazilian local governments are obliged to prepare and adopt strategies for sustainable management of C&D waste (MMA, 2002). In the justifications for this resolution, mention was made of the feasibility of the production and use of C&D waste materials. However, there has been relatively little research in Brazil to prove the technical and economic viability of C&D waste recycling centres.
IWWG International Waste Working Group MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN REGIONS: TRENDS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR IMPROVEMENTR.F. Lopes, S. Shan Muganantha, R. Lippett, Andrew Keir, Dan Hoornweg
Improving Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management services in developing regions of the world is one the major challenges of sustainable urban development. As part of its commitment to help these regions in this effort, the World Bank commissioned a study in 2006 to review and rationalize the current state of municipal solid waste management in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) regions, and to recommend actions leading to improvements and greater private sector participation/investment.
IWWG International Waste Working Group SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ON BRAZILIAN CONSTRUCTION SITESProf. Alberto Casado Lordsleem Junior, S. P. Fucale, P. C. Souza Fernandes, A.D. Gusmao
In recent years, Brazilian civil construction and the real estate construction sub-sector, particularly, have faced challenges to find top-level quality and productivity within a process of upgrade and change in traditional practices. However, numerous shortages can be found at every stage of the building production process. Included in these shortages is the management of a large quantity of waste products, causing serious urban problems arising from the scarcity of disposal areas, from public sanitation problems and environmental contamination.
IWWG International Waste Working Group CONSTRUCTION METHODS OF TECHNICAL SAFEGUARDS REGARDING EARTH CONSTRUCTIONS WITH CONTAMINATED SOIL AND DEMOLITION WASTEDr.-Ing. Dirk Heyer
The possibilities to use slightly contaminated soil and demolition waste in a recycling process is dealt in the so called LAGA memorandum 20 (LAGA; 2003). These instructions were worked out by a federal states working committee dealing with waste. It has not been introduced in all federal states, though. Due to this, it is not obligatorily binding for administrative decisions dealing with the permission of construction projects. To obtain a standardised procedure - at least for the earth construction part of roads - it was decided that the body of rules about technology in road construction should concentrate more intensively on the topic of the usage of contaminated soil and demolition waste as recycling materials.
IWWG International Waste Working Group Evaluation of effectiveness of waste policies related to the landfill directiveMette Skovgaard, Dr. Márton Herczeg, Roberto Zoboli, Massimiliano Mazzanti, Federico Foschini
In 2001, the European Environment Agency (EEA) published the report "Reporting on environmental measures: are we being effective?" which concluded that more information on the effects and effectiveness of EU measures is needed. Later, in 2002, the 6th Environment Action Programme called for an improvement of the process of policy making through:
- ex-ante evaluation of the possible impacts, in particular the environmental impacts, of new policies including the alternative of no action and of the proposals for legislation and publication of the results;
- ex-post evaluation of the effectiveness of existing measures in meeting their environmental objectives. - (Session A1: Waste management policies)
IWWG International Waste Working Group MAXIMISING THE RECOVERY OF HOUSEHOLD BULKY WASTE IN ENGLANDA. Curran, Dr Ian Williams
Waste Management in England takes a two-tier approach. Waste Collection Authorities (WCAs) are responsible for providing day-to-day collections of household wastes. At agreed locations, called Transfer Stations, Waste Disposal Authorities (WDAs) take control of the wastes and arrange for disposal. Some urban areas of England are governed by Unitary Authorities, which are responsible for both the collection and disposal of the waste generated within their boundaries. This two-tier system has resulted in there being two standard options provided by authorities for disposing of household bulky waste, which includes furniture, electrical appliances and other large and heavy items not accepted on regular refuse or recycling collections (e.g. carpets, bicycles, household construction wastes). (Session A10: Waste recycling (II))
IWWG International Waste Working Group MANAGEMENT OF OPTIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN SWITZERLANDProf. Dr. Roland W. Scholz, Andy Spörri, Dr. Daniel J. Lang
Past and current waste management in Switzerland has been strongly affected by the guidelines on Swiss waste management published in 1986 (FOEN, 1986). These guidelines were further specified in the waste concept for Switzerland in 1992 (FOEN, 1992). Waste management was therein already understood as being embedded in the nationwide economy and the popular waste hierarchy was propagated as guidance for political interventions. (Session A15: LCA in waste management)