There are no WTE power plants in Brasil. The only ongoing >>>
PhD Sergio G. Ribeiro WTERT Brasil
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WTERT Brasil WTERT Brasil 2017 Progress Report
Dr. Sergio Guerreiro Ribeiro, President of WTERT-Brasil reports about WTERT-Brasil acitivites during 2017 which include political activities, participating in an IDB Project and in WTERT Asia Inaugural Meeting in Nanjing, China etc.
Global WTERT Council Waste-to-Energy Technologies and Global Applications
New book on modern WTE technology and some of its applications around the world by Dr. Efstatios Kalogirou, member of the Global WtERT Council and co-founder of WtERT-Greece.
It discusses thermal treatment technologies, including combustion, novel gasification, plasma gasification, and pyrolysis. Furthermore it offers 35 real-world international case studies from the Americas, Asia, Europe, as well as Africa and provides different approaches for different geographic areas.
ia GmbH - Knowledge Management + Engineering Total costs of ownership - a comparison between incineration plant and landfill placed in the metropolian area of Sao Paulo
This study offers a decision support for executives, who compare in a draft both systems according to the method of Total Costs of Ownership (TCO), regarding the total life time and including the aftercare of landfill.
Experts to topic
Dr. Hubert Baier WhiteLabel-TandemProjects e.U.
M.Sc. Rafaela Craizer BlackForest Solutions GmbH
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Johannes Weinig University of Applied Sciences of Bielefeld
Challenges for an accurate characterization of wasteOlga Kasper, Christiane Dias Pereira
Currently, Brazil is generating an amount of 80 million tons per year of municipal solid
waste, from which 42% are still deposited on illegal dumps and 58% on sanitary landfills.
Brazilian waste management and its symbiosis to the cement marketChristiane Dias Pereira
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Fricke
M.Sc.Geogr. Olga Kasper
Dr. Hubert Baier
Dr. Luiz Carlos de Sousa
The rules established by the National Policy for Solid Waste (PNRS), published in 2010, end the duality of the old system collection-disposal by introducing certain regulations and technological obligations which require greater technical complexity and mainly the introduction of Technology in the waste sector.
WTERT-Asia Inaugural Meeting April 2017 The first WTE in BrazilPhD Sergio Guerreiro Ribeiro
Presentation from WTERT-Asia Inaugural Meeting April 2017
Natural gas as a power booster fuel in sugarcane bagasse thermoelectric power plantsSergio Guerreiro Ribeiro, Jose W. Ferrari, Alexandre F. Schoubek, Celso R. Bertinotti
The use of natural gas in biomass or Waste-to-Energy (WTE) power plants is a very elegant, highly efficient solution, and is done in several WTE plants around the world.
Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH - CCLR Legal Aspects of Emission Reductions and Carbon Credits under Evolving Climate Finance Mechanisms in BrazilThiago Borma Chagas
Brazil broke some ground by submitting an absolute GHG-reduction goal under the Paris Agreement, but the country must now cope with implementing the needed regulatory Tools promote public and private climate action. Climate financing has evolved substantially in the past years, ranging from crediting systems, to results-based payments, to carbon pricing instruments.
Columbia University Earth Engineering Center Legal aspects of introducing waste-to-energy (WTE) technology in Sao Paulo State of Brazil: The case studies of URE Barueri and City of Sao PauloPaulo Ernani Bergamo dos Santos
Waste to Energy (WTE) has been incorporated into the sustainable solid waste Management systems of several countries, like Japan, many European Union countries, and China, as the way to reduce the amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposed in landfills, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere, utilize the chemical energy stored in post-Recycling waste, and conserve land. There are more than 800 waste to energy (WTE) plants operating in the world but, still 80% of the post-recycling municipal solid wastes (MSW) are landfilled globally. This is due to several reasons, including misinformation, low level of solid waste collection and recycling, and required capital investment.
Wasteconsult international MBT in Brazil – a solution for the current challengesJussara Oliveira do Nascimento
Brazil demonstrates advances in waste management, especially after the publication of the National Solid Waste Policy (NSWP), Law number 12.305, which requires a waste plan for each municipality, encouraging recycling and composting of waste. Still, the problem persists because of the lack of selective collection, lack of incentives to recyclers and collectors programs, as well as neglect of governments and the citizens. The likelihood of improvement is great, but will require much time and investment. The mechanical and biological treatment is then presented as a solution to meeting the goals in the treatment of waste in the short term. This work aims to analyze this technology and its application in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, evaluating their advantages, disadvantages and limitations to this process.
Wasteconsult international Capacity Building and Fundamental Research to Develop and Implement a Mechanical Biological Treatment Facility with an Integrated Fermentation Stage in Jundiaí-SP, BrazilProf. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Fricke, Christiane Pereira, Aguinaldo Leite
Waste management has changed significantly in the last years, becoming an icon of sustainable development, contributing to environmental protection and guaranteeing the climate protection and the preservation of natural resources. In this context, Brazil passed a National Solid Waste Policy, which provides for selective collection and Treatment of waste before final disposal in the whole country by 2014. The development of technology, technical consulting and state-of-the-art machinery are necessary to implement the Policy. In addition to implementing the new policy, sustainable waste Management systems must be developed to mitigate the environmental impact generated over the last few decades in the country. This poses a considerable challenge due the limited expertise available to develop the necessary technology and to streamline them into the Brazilian market, which, in its turn, results in faltering decision-making at all public levels (federal, state and municipalities) as well as other relevant stakeholders, such as funding and environmental licensing agencies.
Wasteconsult international Finep and its role in Urban Solid Waste Management in BrazilMSc. Erick Meira de Oliveira, Diego de Carvalho Frade
Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services continues to be a major challenge in most developing countries. In Brazil, due to lack of organisation and/or financial resources, activities such as collection, transportation, processing, treatment and disposal, which were at the responsibility of municipalities, are being outsourced to private companies, in an attempt to soothe public budget constraints and enhance the quality of the services. However, given the low economic feasibility of the current technologies in Brazil, the country remains a long way from ensuring sustainability in this sector. In this context, the Brazilian Innovation Agency (Finep) has sought to assist companies in promoting innovation in SWM, either by backing low-interest loans or granting economic subvention for the acquisition of goods, services and labour. The results, though still modest, are encouraging.
Wasteconsult international National Waste Policy in Brazil: its repercussion after 4 yearsProf. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Fricke, Christiane Pereira
After 20 years, in 2010, was published the national waste policy that was based on principles found in Europe and Germany, as well as the hierarchy of procedures concerning sustainable solution for the problems associated with the waste management, focusing the resources preservation and climate protection. After 4 years publication we can observe a slowly movement, slowly doesn’t mean small when we consider the giant waste market that Brazil represents, expecting for 2016 around 15 billion euros turn over in waste management where 80 % is done by private sector. Although the good news, Brazil still have 42 % of waste final disposal being done at wild landfill and their remediation represents also an interesting market. To change traditional practices we Need to open a multidisciplinary discussion integrating multiple market segments to enable the design of tools for the implementation of sustainable management of municipal solid waste.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Operational viability of including selective biowaste collection in the city of Campo Grande, MS, BrazilTiago Ramalho, Karina Souza
The recent Brazilian Solid Waste Policy establishes that the Municipality is responsible for awarding separate collection systems, composting system to implant biowaste and articulate with the economic and social agents ways
to use the compost produced, however, there are operational hurdles that hinder their implementation. The biowaste in Brazil represent about 60% of total domestic waste collected, and in most cities these wastes are destined for
landfills or dumps. In Campo Grande, MS, there is selective collection for dry waste and the biowaste is collected as undifferentiated. Therefore, this paper proposes an analysis of the operational viability of including biowaste in
the selective collection of the Municipality, inclusion of recyclable materials in the organic recycling process and the identification of potential consumers for the generated compost.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Selective collection of biodegradable municipal waste in tourist destinations for climate mitigation: issues of inefficiency in the case of Verdecoop cooperative, Bahia – BrazilKarina Souza, Ana Silveira, Ana Paula Duarte Gomes
The inadequate disposal of biodegradable municipal waste (BMW), including food scraps, garden waste, paper and cardboard, is the main reason of greenhouse gases emissions (GEE), resulting in climate changes (CC) (CEMPRE, 2011). Some of the large producers of BMW are from tourism sector, effect of consumption patterns and food waste production characteristic of the sector.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Urban Forest Waste Management in Small Municipalities of São Paulo State, BrazilMariana Cerca, Dr. Adriana Maria Nolasco
The waste management of urban trees is related to one of the main challenges of urban centers: the proper disposal of solid waste, in compliance with the Solid Waste National Policy. Under the current circumstances in Brazil, the mismanagement has resulted in high costs for municipalities, affecting large areas for disposal, pollution and degradation of the environment. Entails also the residues materials that have potential for the manufacture of various products such as well as compost. Thus, was designed a model for urban forest waste management for small municipalities that have special technical, administrative and economic conditions that often prevent an appropriate disposal of such waste.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Conceptual design and implementation of an integrated system for organic solid waste treatment and by-products recovery – pMethanCatarina Azevedo Borges, Carlos Augusto de Lemos Chernicharo
This paper addresses the conceptual design and implementation of a decentralized system for the proper management of organic solid waste from small generators, reducing the dependence on fossil fuels and the emission of GHG. The system, named pMethar, consists of a double-stage anaerobic system (a 20- m3 CSTR followed by a 0.9-m3 UASB reactor), a heat and power cogeneration unit (engine adapted to run on biogas), a solid-liquid separation device (adapted draining bags) and a thermal dryer that takes up the heat from the exhaustion gases of the cogeneration engine. Altogether, these units allow the generation of three valuable byproducts - biogas, bio-solids and reuse water – and zero waste, since all these products are used in benefit of the proper system.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. CATAOLEO Project: prevention of environmental impacts from the recycling of waste oils and fats and social inclusion of waste pickers in BrazilKarina Souza, V. Fonseca, G. Debeus
Environmental concern involving the improper disposal of municipal solid waste - MSW in Brazil, and the implementation of National Policy on Solid Waste (PNRS), is necessary to fulfill the hierarchy of management options set: 1) Non-generation, 2) a reduction 3 ) Reuse, 4) recycling; 5) waste treatment; 6) waste disposal.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Potentialities of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) project for Brazilian National Policy on Solid Waste and National Policy on Climate Change implementationKarina Souza
Climate change (CC) and municipal solid waste (MSW) management have common demands to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The MSW disposal represent more than 20% of anthropogenic methane (CH4) (IPCC, 2005). The estimated contribution of this sector in anthropogenic GHG emissions is 3-5% (UNEP, 2010), and has great potential for reducing fuel and energy consumption in collection and treatment of CH4 avoided emissions in landfills by biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) diversion to biodigestion and composting, and fix carbon in soils by compost or biofertilizers produced application, and reduce natural resources extraction by multi-material recycling.
Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH - CCLR Market-based Instruments for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Brazil: Experiences and ProspectsMichael Mehling, Dr. Sebastian Mielke
Brazil has become an increasingly important participant in the discussion about climate change, combining an active role in climate diplomacy with credible domestic policy efforts. Market-based instruments have featured prominently in its domestic policy landscape, with carbon markets envisioned both at the federal and regional level. Aside from successful participation in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and some progress in the creation of voluntary offset markets, however, the pathway towards a domestic carbon market has so far been fraught by delays and ongoing uncertainty. Still, Brazil can build on proven institutional structures, quantified emissions limitation targets, and new rules on the collection of emissions data and sectoral mitigation plans to establish robust market-based instruments. A carbon market can help leverage its vast mitigation potential to abate greenhouse gas emissions at sufficient scale while limiting the cost of compliance for domestic entities. Given its unique emissions profile, however, Brazil should not focus on becoming a net seller of carbon credits or allowances to foreign entities, but should instead harness the opportunity to create an ambitious, welldesigned market and thereby become a leader on climate change mitigation in Latin America.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben The influence of Meteorological Parameters on the Leachate Flow in a LandfillO. Konrad, Fernanda Bastiani, A. Bezama
The proper disposal of wastes from different human activities is necessary and requires long-term planning. One of the most frequent waste disposal is tipping and confinement in landfills, which besides its economic advantages provides a good means for minimizing damages to the environment and allows the decomposition of organic waste to stabilize and transform it into an inert material (Renou 2008). However, simply allocate the waste to landfills is not the end of the process of waste management. The waste, after being deposited in a landfill, it begins a de-composition process that has as main products the generation of leachate and landfill gas (Palma 2002).
Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH - CCLR Willing Power, Fearing Responsibilities: BASIC in the Climate NegotiationsAnne-Sophie Tabau, Marion Lemoine
This paper considers the rise of the BASIC bloc of emerging economies (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) and its influence in pursuing the adoption of an international agreement on climate change acceptable for all countries. It first questions the mere existence of BASIC as a negotiation group. Indeed, whereas the BASIC bloc is now a reality, BASIC countries do not formally want to be distinguished from the Global South. The study tries to explain this equivocal matter of fact by decoding the perimeter and dynamics of BASIC. It also analyses what would be a balanced outcome of climate change negotiations from BASIC’s point of view, through the three challenges any future agreement will have to take up, namely legitimacy, equity and effectiveness. It appears that BASIC may be considered in a transitive phase regarding the climate change issue. BASIC countries seem to want more power but to fear responsibilities. Therefore, they find it much more comfortable to experience their evolving status as parts of a group of other growing actors of international climate negotiations.
DGAW - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Abfallwirtschaft e.V. Mass Flow Analysis and Economic Evaluation of Informal Sector ActivitiesUlrike Lange, Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Dr. h.c. Bernd Bilitewski
The thesis will analyze mass flows and estimate corresponding monetary flows in three different key areas: Rio, Brazil; Delhi, India; Germany-Poland. A focus is put on formal and informal amounts, impacts on recycling quotas, advantages and disadvantages for waste management systems, legal barriers, political incentives and economic drivers to regulate informal activities and find differences and common grounds regarding waste management systems. The current contribution highlights the economic drivers and incentives that cause informal activities and presents results regarding the informal sector in Germany.
Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH - CCLR The Proposed UNFCCC CDM Materiality Standard and Brazil’s Domestic Sustainable Development AssessmentD.Phil. John C. Cole
The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) pursues two stated goals: greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions and sustainable development. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) CDM Executive Board (EB) is empowered to determine GHG emission reductions-related matters, and individual CDM projects’ host countries are empowered to determine whether a proposed project will further sustainable development.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft The Global WTERT Council and its Role in Advancing WTE TechnologiesDr. Efstratios Kalogirou, Prof. Nickolas J. Themelis
This paper describes the mission and recent international activities of the Waste to Energy Research and Technology Council. In the last fifteen years, the Earth Engineering Center (EEC) of Columbia University in New York City has conducted scientific research on the generation and disposition of wastes in many countries and on all continents. These studies have shown that over one billion tons of municipal solid wastes (MSW) are landfilled each year, mostly in landfills that are not equipped to capture landfill gas (LFG) and prevent water contamination. Therefore, EEC has proposed the expanded Hierarchy of Waste Management that recommends recycling and composting from source-separated wastes and differentiates between traditional dumps and modern sanitary landfills. EEC research has also established that the only alternative to landfilling for post-recycling wastes is thermal treatment with simultaneously energy recovery, commonly called waste to energy (WTE).
Technical Co-Operation Project Bavaria-Sao Paulo Solid waste management: facing the futureDipl.-Ing.; Dipl. Wirtschafts.-Ing. Wolfgang Scholz
Dr.-Ing. Thomas König
Governo Milton Norio Sogabe
Aruntho Savastano Neto
The project covers the way for a new extensive waste management scheme for the state and the city of São Paulo. The project aims to change the current procedure on direct landfilling for another that could be considered the state-of-art waste treatment facili-ties, such as waste-to-energy systems, in order to save landfill volume and protecting ground water resources and soil. Thus, the project covers the basics of a mod-ern environmental policy, which follows the principle of long term sustainability. Sustainable consequences of such changes are the protection of natural resources, optimal utilization of waste generated and the minimi-zation of land consumption. In addition, the results of the Johannesburg Summit - where the contribution of a modern waste management to climate protection was mentioned for the first time - must be considered as well.
Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH - CCLR Brazil’s Policy on Climate Change: Recent Legislation and Challenges to ImplementationNatascha Trennepohl
Brazil has recently approved its National Policy on Climate Change and set greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets for 2020. Central characteristics of this policy and obstacles to its implementation are described in this article, starting with a short overview of Brazil’s GHG emissions and energy matrix, as well as some pioneering programs that have helped reduce GHG emissions. The adoption of this policy shows a major shift in the country’s attitude toward GHG emissions; however, there are still important challenges in its implementation that need to be overcome.